The Ecological Personality And His Story
The lecture I have prepared is about exterminating of biological species by man. It is really one of the global ecological problems. Why? The world is a whole organism and destroying representatives of the animal species, we slowly and unwittingly destroy ourselves. Every living creature is created to support some sort of balance. Nothing in nature is casual. Homo Sapiens is the last step of the evolution, except for reason, however, it possesses unrivaled cruelty. Cruelty, which sooner or later turns against him. Because really – one who thinks he can live in a world, that is being destroyed by him is truly astray.
If we want to describe the cases, which illustrate this paradox, we will need tens and hundreds of volumes. Therefore we will mention some samples from the direct destruction of animal species. The man has started this activity from ancient times.
In Ancient Times
Years ago the Grizzly bears were regular inhabitants of the European forests. That was known by the organizers of entertainment in Rome. Kaligula once for one day took out on the arena 100 Grizzly bears, which he made to fight against huge dogs and gladiators. The emperor Gordian I enjoyed the death of 1000 of bears. The record was set by Emperor Probus: he ordered in the circus to be erected an artificial forest, in which with spears were killed 200 leopards, 100 lions, and 300 bears. The next generation continued with the roman tradition and about the XV century, the Grizzly bears had disappeared from Europe.
The Lynxes and the Bisons
The last lynxes in Bavaria were shot in the 1850s, in North Enberg in the 18th century, in neighboring Switzerland, these gents of success passed away in they year of 1872. The sports record of the famous Buffalo Bill has entered the school books a long time ago. Once for a day, he shot 250 bisons and for 10 months – 4280. Another hunter praised himself that he killed 107 bisons for 1 hour. A gang of sixteen people, which wasn’t rare in the past centuries for one year destroyed 28000. Thus the bison of North America was threatened with full extinction. Now their number has grown again, but some races haven’t saved themselves.
The peregrinating dove was met in incredibly huge quantities and hatched from South Canada to the USA in North Mississippi and Virginia. There is evidence that when the birds came back to their nests in the evening, the sky went dark. They were shot at with weapons and the first machine-guns. In 1879 only in Michigan 1 milliard of doves had gathered. In 1894 – the last nest was found, and in 1900 the last dove was killed.
The Dodo Birds
The sailors who stopped at the Mascarenes Islands for provisions killed in a mass the so-called Dodo birds. They didn’t know man and weren’t afraid of him. Later on the islands were turned into a colony and pigs, rats and monkeys were brought there. These animals easily destroyed the Dodo birds’ nests, which were on the ground. Similar reasons and the cutting of trees led to the extinction of 24 from the 45 local species from 1505 till now.
Who does this?
Most of these exploits were done by illiterate people or people who didn’t give a shit what they were leaving behind. It wasn’t that rare, when the enlightened people contributed to the crusade against the animal diversity. At the end of the 19th century the trade with birds of paradise was so famous, that their existence was threatened. In 1895 only one trade house in London sold 160000 feathers, mainly from white seagulls and birds of paradise.
In 1923 the American Congress forbid their import in Canada, Netherlands and some other countries followed the example, but the British Chamber of Communities had trouble handling the interests of the ladies and the tradesmen and it slowed down on passing the law for the feathers. In this situation – it can not be expected that the natural explorers from Challenger (1872-1876) would restrain from killing those elegant creatures, which lived in the high tips of the trees of Aru. They killed as many as they could.
Event the scientists which knew about the relationship between man and environment were sill not aware about the fully growing potential of people to destroy their environment and thus threaten their own extinction.
The Birds of Bulgaria
There are similar samples in Bulgaria. In Dobri Tonchev’s Memoirs “Memories of the Royal Times” we discover an interesting episode for Ferdinand’s tour of the country. “His passion for the birds’ kingdom soon became famous to his subjects, therefore in all towns and villages he was offered partridges, eagles, falcons, even roosters. In Tarnovo, they captured all the little eagles – white, black, and any kind. Wolves, foxes – they carried them to hum. Of course, they hoped for profit for their diligence.
The consequences of this loyal subjection now are understood best by ornithologists.
In 1905 Leverkin as a result of 12-year investigations determines only in Sofia surroundings 48 nests of which 19 were inhabited. On the land territory, he believes there were 4606 nests of which 1824 busy with mating couples. Only 45 years later the ornithologist Patev wrote: “The Cross Eagle is one of the rarest birds in Bulgaria. In 1979 Lichev and Petrov make an investigation for the Cross Eagle and come upon even more alarming facts about its sorrowful destiny. In 1970-1978 in the country have been found only 3 cases of certain nesting, 5 too probable, and 11 of possible mating. Probably in the country there exist no more than 10-20 couples.
The contribution of humans in the destruction of natural values is not little and it starts in ancient times. Today is not different. The huge import of turtles in England – around 250000 a year, made the parliament deal with their destiny. Solved mainly in the stores for kids toys they were destined to slowly die. Similarly to the mechanical toys, they lied somewhere on the old balcony or in the corner of the stone tiles, until they were someday found dead, and threw them in the recycle bin.
Trips for Killers
Some Norse trip bureaus started inviting foreign tourists to amusing trips behind the Polar Circle with the hunting of a Polar Bear. The hunters approach in yachts really close to the animals and kill them with big guns when they are playing without expecting danger by the unknown two-legged creatures. One professional hunter tells that for a winter he had killed 129 bears.
In Canada – a new sport emerged – shooting white dolphins in the Hudson Bay. The hunting of whales dates from the 1000 year, but the opinion of specialists is that if measures are not taken, some species of these sea giants will follow the destiny of dinosaurs and Saber-toothed tigers.
Killing of Animals
The killing of a wild animal for food and for its skin can be explained, but to kill an antelope-gnu, so that one can make from its tail a device for killing flies, or an elephant so that recycle bins can be made from the legs of the animals is a perversion. The spreading in the USA fashion of mummified little alligators or baskets made of leather of armadillo is a sign for such lack of taste, as would be the using of human skulls for jam jars. This is not only an elegant metaphor. Following the logic of the lovers of exotic fly-killers, any animal can b e killed. You can also take a human for an animal and start firing your gun at them.
The researchers of the Massachusetts Institute of Technologies have made an attempt to estimate the changes which will take place in the environment of man till 2100. The results are amazingly indicative and alert anxiety. The development of industrial will allow the production of more food till the end of 2030. This, however, will be at the expense of the environment – the resources will be spent faster and faster. The common pollution will increase. A few decades later the pure water, the air, the fertile land and the minerals will be in so little quantities, that the production of food and industrial goods will bluntly go downwards. At about 2070, the curve of the population will break. The perspectives for human life after 2100 will be too dark and obscure because the natural resources will be on the verge of full extinction.
At a first glance, we do not need to worry. The Harmonically developed personality of the future will have a new attitude to nature in the broadest sense. But exactly here it is hidden the danger. The Faith that we will bring heaven down to earth and give him a human appearance, makes us stay somehow indifferent to the fact that the changes in personality are done extremely slowly.
Now the task is not only to protect nature, not only to change our attitude to her but to do that as fast as possible because for solving these problems the humanity doesn’t have a lot of time. In every case, less than a century, during which the ecological crisis can be prevented.
The Ecological Personality
The incredible thing about the ecological problem is that no one is against nature. Ask whoever you want does he love to breathe clean air, drink clear water, the forests to be full of life and he will think that you are mocking him. It’s as if asking somebody does he want to be happy. He doesn’t want the smoke of the city to rise above the mountain, he doesn’t want the houses to look white by the cement dust, he doesn’t want the river to stink like a canal, he doesn’t want the plants to poison the valleys. He wants to delight in the forms of natural wonders, to be enraptured by the beauty f the sea, to admire the mountain tops. And he wants all of this to go on forever. The ecological personality has only one disadvantage: it mainly wants.
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